“Soft despotism is a term coined by Alexis de Tocqueville describing the state into which a country overrun by "a network of small complicated rules" might degrade. Soft despotism is different from despotism (also called 'hard despotism') in the sense that it is not obvious to the people."

Wednesday, June 04, 2014

The Big Bang happened everywhere at the same time, it wasn’t an explosion somewhere that expanded into some empty space. It was space itself expanding, not an explosion in space but an expansion of space.

By James Maynard, Tech Times | June 4, 2:02 AM

Astronomers used the Hubble Space Telescope to create the most revealing - and colorful - images of the Universe ever created. The Ultraviolet Coverage of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field (UVUDF) project produced the composite image, providing astronomers with new information concerning stellar formation. 
In a rainbow, we see light spread into component colors, from red, through orange and yellow to green, blue and violet. Other "colors" or wavelengths of light exist on either side of what the human eye can detect. Infrared is redder than red, and ultraviolet is just outside visible violet light. Observing astronomical objects in different wavelengths reveals unique information about the bodies. 
Researchers can view the birth of stars in nearby galaxies, up to about five billion light-years away. Hubble is also able to watch the same process occur in infrared light, in star formations more than 10 billion years away from Earth. Astronomers had no tools, until now, to witness the phenomenon between those two distances. These events, witnessed on Earth today, occurred between five and ten billion years in the past. It was during this time the Universe experienced the greatest rate of star formation in history, as per cosmologists. 
The hottest, most massive and youngest stars in the Universe produce vast quantities of ultraviolet light. By studying images taken in these wavelengths, astronomers are able to detail information about the stellar bodies. Ultraviolet astronomy could also help cosmologists understand how galaxies formed from small collections of ultra-hot stars. 
The Hubble Ultra Deep Field images showed thousands of galaxies in just a small patch of sky. This famous composite photo was composed of images taken in visible and infrared light. 
Hubble took images of the same region of space in ultraviolet (UV) light. Observations of astronomical bodies made in these wavelengths must be carried out by space-based telescopes, as the atmosphere of the Earth absorbs most ultraviolet light coming from space. Astronomers have now added these UV photos to the composite. 
"It's the deepest panchromatic image of the sky ever made. It reaches the faintness of one firefly as seen from the distance of the moon," Rogier Windhorst of the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University said
The raw images that went into this latest design were recorded over 841 orbits of the world's most-famous space-based telescope. Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys and Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) were used to take the raw images that were used in the composite. The WFC is the latest tool available on Hubble, added to the orbiting observatory in 2009. 

Other Hubble Deep Field images have been taken since 1995. Some looked at different portions of the sky than the one lately updated with ultraviolet readings. More than 10,000 galaxies are visible in the new photograph, some of which date back to just a few hundred million years after the Big Bang.


  1. It was creation without a creator. It had nothing to do with mankind but mankind came to be a witness. It is a magnificent thing to behold. Enjoy the moment.

    1. "It was creation without a creator. It had nothing to do with mankind but mankind came to be a witness."

      Whoa there, Rough Rider. This is a matter of much debate even among the cosmologists. There is the anthropic pricinple among them.

      Further, the Hindu and other perennial philosophies consider creation to be not a 'one time' dealie, but always ongoing now and 'forever'. They know the Great Mom always creates, but if you want to know why, you'd have to ask her and she doesn't seem to be saying. But they also say the penultimate cause is the enlightenment of those ready for that experience at a particular 'time'.

      Don't be so glib when talking to or of the Great Mom. She may not like it.


  2. Replies
    1. Sounds like some blueberry muffins.

  3. Replies
    1. I think I like buffins better. But I'm hungry right now.

  4. Let's see someone make politics out of this thread !

  5. And it has been well said that the Great Mum loves all Her children. And who but the Greatest of Mums could love her boisterous and wayward children.....children like The Quirkster, for instance, or Falstaff, who babbled of green fields on his death bed, or Rufus of the stout drink?

    "The gentle finger of the Lord brings up the laggards."


    You just wait and see, but don't forget She also has a delete button !.

    Here endeth the cosmological pep sermon.

  6. The first verse of Genesis relates the spirit moving through some milleu. There is nothing to support creation of our cosmos from nothing. Light came into being and that made all the difference.

    1. For those who read physics, the latest discoveries are forcing physicists to sound more metaphysical. I still accept the Big Bang as the best current theory, reminding myself that it is a theory.

  7. With thousands of poor children dying of hunger Every Day, the bitch can blow me.

  8. I just saw a couple of really crappy unit labor cost, and productivity numbers for May.

    Which, if you think about it, is probably very good news.

    Some people seem to be getting raises, for a change.

  9. The three gold targets in my prostate gland came from a former supernova.

    I am a star stuff supernova implant golden boy !

  10. One again, Bob shows his disdain for the people, for the common man, and his fascination with tyrannical rule and Monarchy.

    The universe as the 'mum', claiming it is a Hindu reflection, when the Hindu do not speak English. It is the language of their Oppressors.
    And refers to the Queen of England, who is selected by God to represent him on earth, according to the English myths. Myths that the followers of the Mum have forced upon the Hindu, by force of arms.

    You can't fix stupid

  11. English is the common language of India. Since they have over 200 languages the literate speak English to speak with one another. My niece knows English and 5 of the languages of India, and now a little German.

    Rather than a Queen, the English influence has made India a democracy. They just had a violence free election, the last in a line of many such elections.

    And rather than referring to the Queen of England, I was referring to this -

    You are an idiot, rat.

    And you are right. I can't fix you. You are too stupid.

    1. Bob's further argues that India represents the Hindu, when the reality of the situation is that India has
      The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a secular nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims

      India's is second largest country in the world in Muslim population,behind Indonesia.

      There are 138,188,240 Muslims in the 'country' of India.

    2. .

      And your point, rat?

      In going out of your way to belittle Bob you make yourself look foolish, putting words in his mouth he never said, making rather obscure connections without context, perseverating.

      India will soon be the largest country in the world by population and has over 1.2 billion people at present. Hindu is the religion of over eighty percent of them, more than a billion people. The Muslims are a distinct minority in India at present and though growing will remain a distinct minority for the foreseeable future. India has the largest Hindu population in the world by population and percentages. India was the birthplace of Hinduism.

      Give it a rest.

      Merely a suggestion of course.


  12. Anyone that would clam that a language spoken fluently by only 5% of the men and 3% of the women is a National Language of a country ....

    ... lags in common sense, is rejecting reality or is so indoctrinated with their own self-serving concept of 'English' exceptionalism that their brain has ceased to function objectively.

    1. 13% of the people in the United States speak Spanish, by Bob's reasonng that could qualify Spanish as being the Ntional Language of the US.

      The percentage of Spanish speakers in the US is over two and a half times the percentage of the English speakers in India, which Bob claims is the National Language, there.

      It seems quite evident that Spanish is not the National Language of the US and by extension of the logic involved in that deduction, it is clear that English is not the National Language of India let alone the Hindu people residing there.

      Spanish Language Speakers in the United States
      37.6 million

      The number of U.S. residents 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2011. This is a 117 percent increase since 1990 when it was 17.3 million. Those who hablan espanol en casa constituted 12.9 percent of U.S. residents 5 and older.

      Read more: Hispanic Americans: Census Facts |

    2. The English have attempted to impose a political system, a language and their own religious beliefs upon India, they have have had varied mount of success in each field of that cultural colonialism.

      Using the word 'Mum' as Bob described, as a word signifying the Universal Spirit by the Hindu is just another example of that cultural colonialism.

      To argue against that, Bob then brings forth other examples of English cultural colonialism in India, in an attempt to downplay the effects of that colonialism on the Hindu, which is exemplified by the use of the word Mum to describe the Universal Spirit.

      Mum being God's primary representative on earth, in English myth and the ideology of the Church of England, of which the Mum is the 'head'. The fact that the word Mum has been co-opted by the Hindu, as the word for the Universal Spirit stands as proof of the cultural colonial impact the English have made, in India and upon the Hindu.

      You can't fix stupid

    3. .

      I never saw Bob use the words National Language. There is a difference between 'National Languages' and 'lingua francas', a point Bob goes on to explain after his reference to a 'common language'. And while I can agree with your point about Bob giving undue homage to the benefits of English rule in India, I would think you would be a little more careful in making your other points.

      Of course, I am not naive enough to think you are actually interested in actually enlightening Bob but instead prefer to belittle. However, even the belittling would be more effective if you didn't make up bullshit as you go along.


    4. .

      As for the perseverating,

      You can't fix stupid

      It is often described as a symptom of short-term memory loss. A guy of your age may want to have it checked out.

      Since you tend to mainly use the phrase under the anonymity of the Anonymous tag I suspect that sub-consciously you already know that.


  13. India has been a fragmented “country” since anyone bothered to keep records. Consider the caste system as a single example. These divisions based upon religion and "race" made its subjugation a relatively easy task for Europeans. Among the elite and up and coming, English has taken the role played by Latin in Western Europe but for totally different reasons.

    Is there some point to this conversation other than the excitement of it all? I cannot wait to get to the part where the East India Company was dissolved and Disraeli and Victoria conspired to elevate her to Empress of India.